Chandrayaan 2 is India's second lunar exploration mission after Chandrayaan-1, Developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the mission was launched from Sriharikota Space Center on 22 July 2019 to the Moon by a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III).
Chandrayaan-2 consist of an orbiter, a lander and a rover, The main scientific objective is to map the location and abundance of lunar water. It is ISRO,s first inter-planetary mission to land rover on any celestial body, First space mission to conduct a soft landing on Moon's south polar region, First Indian expedition to attempt a soft landing on lunar surface with home-grown technology and the fourth country to ever soft land on the lunar surface.
Chandrayaan-2 will primarily study the elements on the moon, map its topography through high-resolution pictures, study its minerals and most importantly, confirm sub-surface water/ice presence.
The primary objectives of Chandrayaan-2 are to demonstrate the ability to soft-land on the lunar surface and operate a robotic rover on the surface.The orbiter will map the lunar surface and help to prepare 3D maps of it. The onboard radar will also map the surface while studying the water ice in the south polar region and thickness of the lunar regolith on the surface.
It will also explore discoveries made by Chandrayaan-1, such as the presence of water molecules on the Moon and new rock types with unique chemical composition.