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Accurate, 3D-printed liver models allow surgeons to rehearse operations

A new method for 3D-printing models of livers could help surgeons perform operations with greater accuracy and deliver improved patient outcomes.
 

The Nottingham Trent University team scan data of cancer-hit patient organs so that clinicians can rehearse difficult operations on lifelike models.
 

The aim is for them to become familiar with the hidden complexities of an operation – which are unique from patient to patient – prior to the real surgery.

A prototype 3D-printed model liver – based on an anonymized cancer patient – features the tactile qualities of a real diseased organ, including imitation blood and different tissue hardnesses, such as the blood vessels, liver tissue and the tumor itself.
 

The model – made from synthetic gels and fibers - even allows surgeons to use real surgical tools to practice endoscopies and laser ablation techniques, during which arteries are resealed by laser to prevent a patient from bleeding out during surgery.

 

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“Surgeons have an incredibly complicated job to remove some tumors to save people’s lives,” said researcher Richard Arm.

“But due to the limitations of existing technologies available to them, many surgeons only discover the true complexities of an operation when they are in the midst of the live procedure itself.

“Every patient is unique and has organs of different shapes, sizes and constructs, so there can be many hidden complications that they have to deal with.

“But this research shows how existing scan data and modern 3D-print processing methods can dramatically improve the preparation available before the first incision is even made.

“It could give surgeons increased confidence and may provide patients with improved outcomes, such as the increased retention of healthy tissue, reduced risk of infections and swifter recovery times.”

The research also considers the potential for teaching trainee cancer surgeons in traditional and robotic tumour removal, and could improve robotic surgical interfaces and operator proficiency. It may also allow surgeons to become more familiar with using robots to perform surgery remotely.

Dr. Christopher Clarke, who provided scan data and medical expertise, said: “This technology could give surgeons increased confidence in each procedure they undertake, by allowing them to better understand an individual patient’s anatomy and potentially reduce the risks to patients during what can be incredibly difficult life-saving surgery.”

In 2018, a team of researchers demonstrated how the 3D printing process could be used in the future to create real human tissue to replace blood vessels and organs in patients.

Ref: Engineering & Technology